This guideline purpose is to describe the Regulation requirements for the use of operator restraints or seatbelts on forklifts. It is the employersâ?? responsibility to ensure that every machine, piece of equipment and tool in the workplace is selected and used properly and operated in accordance with the manufacturerâ??s instructions.
Rough Terrain Forklifts must meet the regulations of ANSI Standard ASME B56.6-1992 in regards to their use, design, maintenance, inspection and fabrication.
Side boom tractors and mobile equipment with a Rollover Protective Structure, or ROPS for short, must contain seat belts that meet the requirements of the Society of Automotive Engineers, or SAE, Standard J386 JUN93, Operator Restraint System for Off-Road Work Machines. If any mobile equipment has seat belts required by law, the operator and subsequent passengers must ensure they use the belts whenever the vehicle is in motion or engaged in operation as this could cause the equipment to become unstable and thus, unsafe.
The seat belt requirements while operating a forklift depend on various factors. Whether the forklift is equipped with a Rollover Protective Structure, the type of forklift itself and the year the forklift was manufactured all contribute to this determination. The manufacturerâ??s instructions and the requirements of the applicable standard are referenced in the Regulation.
In the case of powered industrial trucks, ANSI Standard ASME B56.1-1993 refers to an operator restraint device, system, or enclosure. An operator restraint device, system, or enclosure is intended to assist the operator in reducing the risk of entrapment of the head and/or torso between the truck and the ground in the event of a tip over. The restraint device or system may include a seat belt, though a seat belt is not necessarily a part of such device or system.
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